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Castle Gardens

The castle garden is reflected especially in the spring and summer of his bright-colored page.
The castle garden is reflected especially in the spring and summer of his bright-colored page.

The name is actually misleading because 12th century castles did not have gardens. The correct name should really be “the gardens in the place of the castle”. This is the site where the royal family of Hohenstaufen established its imperial castle in 1142. King Conrad III reigned over his kingdom from here, but was the only ruler who actually used Rothenburg Castle. As his sons died relatively early, the castle quickly lost its importance, but not before it had formed the seed for the germination of the town.

 

Starting from the castle, the settlement spread over the hill, until it had become one of the ten largest towns in the Holy Roman Empire by the year 1400, with a population of over 6,000. An earthquake destroyed the castle complex in 1356 and the stones of the ruins – a valuable commodity at the time – were used to build the city walls. Only the Chapel of St. Blaise was renovated after the quake. However this building was not originally a chapel, but rather the “Upper Ducal House”, probably the conference building where the king received his guests. The building was dedicated as a chapel after the renovation and now serves as a memorial to the fallen of the two World Wars. The Chapel of St. Blaise is also the site of the memorial to the pogrom of 1298, the original of which is in the Imperial Town Museum.

 

After entering the Castle Gardens, the visitor will be drawn to the wonderful view of the southern part of the town and the Tauber Valley to the left, as well as the Double Bridge and the Kobolzeller Church.

 

Another interesting feature of the Castle Gardens are the geometric flower beds from the 17th/18th century with eight sandstone figures representing the four seasons and the four elements.

 

If you look into the valley having passed through the gardens, you will see a bright blue tower, known as the Topplerschlösschen, the House of Mayor Toppler. Built in 1388, it was built by the powerful Mayor Toppler for his own pleasure. Previously surrounded by water, the castle is where he met with dignitaries such as King Wenzel. There is also a memorial to Toppler in the Castle Gardens. Since September 2010, the park is also adorned with a column in memory of the royal house of the Hohenstaufen dynasty.

 

As you leave the Castle Gardens and enter Herrngasse, you will see a mask on the wall of the Burgtor gate, which was used to pour hot pitch onto attackers. Inside the gate is a small door, known as the Eye of the Needle, which only afforded enough room for one person to pass through.

 

 


Rothenburg Tourism Service | Marktplatz 2 | D-91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber | Telephone +49-9861/404-800 | Fax +49-9861/404-529 | info(at)rothenburg.de
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